Many people face a great deal of confusion about the church. Some have not had parental examples of church involvement. Others have recently been saved and are wondering how they should participate in the ministries of the church, or why the church is even necessary. Even those who have grown up in a particular local church have heard comments about church differences and divisions. What exactly is the New Testament church, why does the church exist, what is its function, and what roles are individual believers to play in the church, the ecclesia, the “body of Christ?” We will discover that the church is distinct from Israel and is comprised of God’s people, from the coming of the Holy Spirit in Acts chapter two until the rapture of the church prior to the Tribulation.